Daily Report Summary from Adjutant General's Office


       Stationed at Cairo, Illinois July 16,1861.

         July 16.- Muster-in roll of Captain Ezra Taylor's Company B, in the Chicago Light Artillery Regiment of Volunteers, commanded by Colonel         , called into the service of the United States by the President from July 16,1861 (date of this muster) for the term of during the war, unless sooner discharged.

I certify, on honor, that I have carefully examined the men whose names are borne on this roll, their horses and equipments, and have accepted them into the service of the United States for the term of during the war.                         

                                                               T. G. PITCHER,

                                                                                Captain, Eighth Infantry, Mustering Officer  



Stationed at Bird's Point, Missouri, September-October 1861

October 21.- The center section of my battery under command of Lieutenant [Patrick] H. White participated in the battle of Fredericktown, Missouri on October 21, 1861, between Federal troops under command of Colonel [Joseph Bennett] Plummer and the Rebel force under Jeff Thompson. The enemy was completely routed. 

Stationed at Bird's Point, Missouri, November-December 1861

 In accordance' with orders, I embarked the battery under my command on the steamer Chancellor on the evening of November 6. The convoy consisted of five steamers with portions of five regiments of infantry, a squadron of cavalry and my battery, accompanied by two gunboats. After proceeding twelve miles down the Mississippi River, the convoy lay to on the Kentucky shore for the night. The following morning we resumed our course, landing at Lucas Bend, two and one miles above Belmont and took part in the action at Belmont on that day. Our loss was three severely wounded, one of whom, First Sergeant C. W. Everett, has since died. We lost the rear parts of two caissons with chests and 200 rounds of fixed ammunition, one baggage wagon and three horses. We gained two brass field pieces and twenty horses.

  Stationed at Fort Donelson, Tennessee, January-February 1862

January 14.- On January 14 embarked my battery on steamer City of Memphis at Bird's Point and the same afternoon landed at Fort Jefferson, Kentucky. The expedition consisted of some fifteen regiments of infantry with a due proportion of cavalry and artillery. The whole under the command of Brigadier-General U.S. Grant. 

January 15.- Marched ten miles to Mayfield Creek Bridge, two miles from Blandville and encamped for the night.

January 16.- Marched five miles Logan's Cross-Roads, some ten miles from Columbus. [In the] p.m. counter-marched to our camp at Mayfield Creek.

January 18-19.- Remained until January 18, when we returned to Fort Jefferson and the following day returned to our barracks at Bird's Point. Nothing of interest occurred during the march. 

February 2.- We remained at Bird's Point until February 2, when orders were received to embark the battery on board steamer Aleck Scott, which was quickly done and after receiving two regiments of infantry on board the transport anchored off Cairo for the night.

February 3.- At nine o'clock the steamer took her course up the Ohio and into the Tennessee River and after landing at various places, disembarked the forces about five miles from Fort Henry and encamped, naming the camp, Camp Halleck. Our forces were largely increased during the two days we remained here.

February 6.- Received orders to march at 11a.m. and at dark arrived at Fort Henry, which had surrendered to our gunboat that day after a brisk action of an hour's duration.

February 11.- At 3 o'clock our brigade (the Second, First Division) was ordered forward on the Fort Donelson Road and camped that night about midway between the two forts. 

February 12.- Arrived near Fort Donelson and bivouacked that night within 800 yards of the enemy's works.

 February 13.-The action commenced early and at a range of 800 yards, but at 11 o'clock four of my guns were ordered to take up a position within 200 yards of the enemy's left battery. The regiment continued through February 14 and 15 with great sever­ity and on the morning of February 16 the enemy surrendered with 5,000 prisoners and a large amount of munitions of war. My loss was one killed and eight wounded during the three days action. One thousand, seven hundred rounds of fixed ammunition was fired by my battery. 

            Stationed at Moscow, Tennessee, May June 1862  

           Stationed at camp near Memphis Tennessee, July- August 1862

July 6-7.- Broke camp near Holly Springs, Mississippi and marched during July 6 and 7 to Moscow, Tennessee. A distance of twenty-three miles.

July 18.- On the morning of July 18 marched west from Moscow to Collierville, Tennessee.

July 19-21.- On July 19 [marched] to White's Station, Tennessee; from whence on July 21 we marched into Memphis, Tennessee, near which city we have since been encamped. The distance marched from Moscow to Memphis was forty-one miles. 

            Stationed at Memphis, Tennessee, September-October 1862

The company has been engaged in no action nor has made any marches or change of station since last muster.

           Stationed at camp before Vicksburg, Mississippi   (in the field), November-December 1862

November 26.- On the morning of November 26 left Memphis, Tennessee, marching to Bowles Mill, Mississippi, near College Hill, a distance of about seventy miles. 

December 10.- Returned to Memphis on December 10. 

December 13.- Reached there on December 13,having met no armed enemy. 

December 20.- Embarked on steamer City of Memphis at Memphis, Tennessee on December 20 and proceeding south, disem­barked on the east bank of the Yazoo River near Vicksburg, Mississippi. 

December 26.-On December 26 under Major-General W. T. Sherman the forces commenced the attack on Vicksburg. The battle is still in progress at the present writing. My command has been engaged during the time having expended 468 rounds of fixed ammunition.

          Stationed in the field before Vicksburg, Young's Point, Louisiana, January-February 1863

January 1.-January 1, 1863 in obedience to orders, I drew out my battery from the bayou before Vicksburg, Mississippi, where we had been engaged in action since December 27, 1862. Embarked on the steamer City of Memphis and proceeded down the Yazoo and up the Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers We disembarked at a point on the north bank of the latter river, about five miles below the Rebel entrenchments, known as the Post of Arkansas. 

January 10.- On the next day (January 10) under command of Major-General (John Alexander] McClernand, the forces marched in direction of the fort, taking position that night.

January 11.- The action commenced, lasting two and one-half hours and resulting in the reduction of the Post, which at 4 o'clock p.m. was surrendered to the Union forces with all its defenses and munitions of war. My battery was engaged with the enemy during the assaults, expending 200 rounds of fixed ammunition. Casualties, two horses wounded by two Rebel sharpshooters.

January 14.-We reembarked on the steamer Chancellor.

January 22.-Landed on January 22 at the foot of Milliken's Bend, Mississippi River and marched the same day to Young's Point, Louisiana (directly opposite Vicksburg), a distance of four miles, where we have since been encamped in position on the bank of the cut-off or canal, now in process of construction across the peninsula. Nothing of particular interest has occurred during this time.

           Stationed at Young's Point, Louisiana, (Before Vicksburg) 

April 10-This company has been engaged in no action, nor has made any marches or change of station during the time for which this muster roll is made. There have been discharged from this company for physical disability, Corporal John A. Moore and Bugler Manning S. Poole, at posts away from the company: also Private Charles Krause has died while absent from the command. As yet, the commanding officer has been unable to get official information of these discharges and death, deducting which from aggregate would make number of recruits required twelve instead of nine as stated in Memoranda. 

            Stationed at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana (before Vicksburg), March -April 1863.

April 26-I loaded my battery on the steamer [John] A. Dickey at Young's Point, Louisiana, April 26, 1863 and steamed up the Mississippi River. Landed at Milliken's Bend, Louisiana (a dis­tance of fifteen miles), where we are at the present date encamped. 

        Stationed at Young's Point, Louisiana (before Vicksburg) May ­June 1863

May 7- This battery marched from Milliken's Bend, Louisiana May 7, 1863 May 11- Crossed the Mississippi River at Hard Times Landing, Louisiana on May 11 and marching from Grand Gulf, Mississippi the next day.

 May 16- Came upon the enemy at Champion's Hills, Missis­sippi on May 16. Were in line of battle with Second Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps during that day, but were not engaged in action. 

May 17- Followed in pursuit of the enemy, crossing the Big Black River on May 17. 

May 18- Arrived before Vicksburg on the evening of May 15, opening fire immediately on the enemy's works. May 26-31- We remained in position on the Walnut Hill (expending during the time about 1,400 rounds of fixed ammuni­tion and having lost three men killed and one wounded) until the evening of May 26, when we marched with a force under Major ­General [Francis Preston] Blair [Jr.] to Mechanicsburg, Mississippi, but finding no enemy, returned to Haynes' Bluff, Mississippi on May 31. 

June 3-4-Embarked (with [Joseph Anthony] Mower's Brigade, to which the battery had been temporarily transferred) on the steamer L.M. Kennett and arrived at Satartia, Mississippi (on the Yazoo River) the next morning. Disembarked and marched immediately toward Mechanicsburg, skirmishing with the enemy (about 2,000 strong) for most of the distance and driving thence through the town with considerable loss. 

June 7-Returned to Haynes' Bluff on June 7. 

June 9-Embarked on the steamer Black Hawk on June 9 proceeded to Young's Point, Louisiana, which place was threatened by the enemy and went into position on the Mississippi Levee, remaining there until June 14th. 

June 14- Marched with Mower's Brigade to Richmond, Louisiana 

June 15-We were engaged with a force of the Rebels under General [Richard] Taylor for about three hours, driving them from the town and burning it. My battery fired during the action 378 rounds of solid shot, shell and shrapnel.

June 16-Returned to Young's Point on June 16, where we have since been encamped.

June 23.- Since June 23 I have had one section of my battery in position on the bank of the Mississippi River on the extremity of the peninsula, directly opposite the city of Vicksburg, to prevent crossing the river by the Rebels. Although under fire from the enemy's heavy guns from Vicksburg, for most of the time the section has sustained no damage. The clothing accounts of the enlisted men of this company were last settled to include February 28, 1863. 

        Stationed at Camp Sherman, Mississippi, July-August 1863

July 1.- One section of this battery on picket duty immediately opposite Vicksburg to prevent the enemy from crossing from July 1, when the city and garrison surrendered and the section was relieved from duty. 

July 4.- One section of battery loaded on steamer Fanny Bullitt and proceeded to Lake Providence, Louisiana, at which place was threatened by the enemy. Distance from Young's Point where battery was stationed, sixty miles. 

July 7.- Section returned from Lake Providence ,Louisiana without meeting the enemy. 

July 12.-[The] battery loaded on steamer [Henry] Chouteau to cross the river to Vicksburg.

July 13.- [The] battery disembarked and marched five miles towards the Black River.

July 14.- The battery marched ten miles to the Black River Railroad Bridge and went into camp with Mower's Brigade. 

July 18.- One section of battery marched to Champion's Hill, twelve miles, with Mower's Brigade, returning same day. 

July 20.- The battery marched to Messinger's Ford on Big Black River, eight miles with Mower's Brigade. 

July 27.- [The] battery was relieved from duty with Mower's Brigade, Third [Brigade] of Third Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, and reported to Second Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, marching miles to Camp near Foxes Plantation, Mississippi, where we have been in camp to date.

         Stationed Chickasaw, Alabama, September-October 1863

September 22. Marched Sherman to the Black River Bridge, six miles.

September 27.-Marched twelve miles to Vicksburg, Mississippi 

September 28.-Right section embarked on steamer Atlantic. Center and Left section left on the steamer Ohio Belle and the transportation wagons, etc., on steamer Sam Gate, en route for Memphis, Tennessee

September 29.- Near Goodrich's Landing

October 3.- Right section arrived at Memphis

October 5.-Center and left sections arrived at Memphis. Transportation wagons, horses, etc., lost on steamer Sam Gate

October 8.-Marched five miles to Germantown, Tennessee with wagon train, Fifteenth Army Corps escort, Third Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps. 

October 9.-Marched to Moscow, Tennessee, twenty-five miles 

October 10.-Marched to La Grange, Tennessee, ten miles

October 11.-Marched to Pocahontas, thirty miles, forced

October 13.-Marched with transportation and horses of Com­panies A and H, First Illinois Artillery, under escort of Third United States Cavalry, fifteen miles towards Corinth, Mississippi

October 14.-Marched to camp three miles south of Corinth, twenty-one miles

October 17.-Marched to Buckslayer's Mill, ten miles with Sec­ond Division, Fifteenth Army Corps

October 18.-Marched to Iuka, Mississippi, twelve miles

October 19.-Marched to Bear Creek, Mississippi, eight miles

October 20.-Marched to Cherokee, Alabama, six mile

October 21.-Advances of First Division, Fifteenth Army Corps attacked by [Nathan Bedford] Forrest's Cavalry. [The] battery was in position, but did not go into action

October 26.-Marched ten miles towards Tuscumbia, Alabama, skirmishing all day with enemy by the advance

October 27.-Marched five miles to Tuscumbia, Alabama 

October 28.-Marched fifteen miles to former camp at Cherokee, Alabama with First and Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps

October 30.-Marched three miles toward Eastport, Alabama with First and Second Division 

October 31.-Marched seven miles to Chickasaw, Alabama on the Tennessee River

         Stationed at Bellefonte, Alabama, November-December 1863

November 2.-Crossed Tennessee River at Chickasaw, Alabama. Marched nine miles to Gravelly Springs with First Brigade, Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps

November 3.-Marched fifteen miles to Florence, Alabama

November 4.-Marched sixteen miles to Blue Creek 

November 5.-Marched fifteen miles to Anderson's Creek, Alabama 

November 6.-Marched fourteen miles to Little Shoal Creek, Tennessee 

November 7.-Marched seventeen miles to Leatherwood Creek

November 8.-Marched fourteen miles to Swan Creek

November 9.-Marched thirteen miles to Fayetteville, Tennessee

November 10.-Marched three miles 

November 11.-Marched fourteen miles to Robinson's Creek

November 12.-Marched sixteen miles to 

November 13.-Marched seventeen miles to Paint Rock, Alabama 

November 14.-Marched seventeen miles to Larkinsville 

November 15.-Marched twelve miles to Bellefonte, Alabama 

November 16.-Marched fourteen miles to Stevenson.

November 17.-Marched twelve miles to Bridgeport, Alabama 

November 19.-Marched twelve miles to Running Water 

November 20.-Marched twelve miles to Lookout Creek. 

November 21.-Marched five miles opposite Chattanooga, Tennessee 

November 22.-March of four miles took position opposite Chickamauga Creek to cover the crossing of Tennessee River by Fifteenth Army Corp

November 23.-Attack postponed [The] battery in same position 

November 24.-Crossed Tennessee River on pontoon bridge with Fifteenth Army Corps. The battery was in reserve, Fifteenth Army Corps, gained Missionary Ridge

November 25.-[The]battery was in same position Lookout Mountain Mission Ridge carried by storm and enemy retreated during night 

November 27.-March of eight miles to Chickamauga Station with Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps in pursuit of enemy

November 28-Marched four miles to

November 29.-Marched seventeen miles to McDonald Station, of the C and K Railroad 

November 30.-Marched sixteen miles to Charleston, Tennessee 

December 1.-March of thirteen miles near Athens 

December 3.-Marched thirteen miles near Morgantown Tennessee 

December 4.-Crossed Little Tennessee River at 10 pm

December 5.-Marched fourteen miles to Maryville Tennessee. Siege of Knoxville raised and [James] Longstreet retreated

December 7.-Marched seventeen miles opposite Morgantown

December 8.-Marched sixteen miles to Tellico River 

December 9.-March of nine miles to ironworks

December 13.-March of ten miles to Kimbrough's Plantation

December 14.-Marched twelve miles to Hyle's Plantation 

December 15.-March of fifteen miles to Cleveland

December 16.-March of fifteen miles to Julian's Gap

December 17.-Marched fourteen miles to Chickamauga Creek

December 18.-Marched five miles to Chattanooga

December 19.-Marched six miles to Lookout Creek

December 20.-Marched twelve miles to shell mound

December 21.-Marched eight miles to Bridgeport, Alabama 

December 26.-Marched twelve miles to Stevenson 

December 27.-Marched four miles 

December 28.-Marched eleven miles to Bellefonte

         Stationed at Larkinsville, Alabama, January-February 1864 

January 7.-Marched from Bellefonte, Alabama, ten miles, with Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps towards Larkinsville, Alabama 

January 8.-Marched two miles to Larkinsville 

January 29.-Received a new battery of four 12-pounder light field guns and two 10-pounder Parrott rifles

February 2.-One section of battery ordered to Larkin's Landing, Tennessee River, ten miles

        Stationed at Larkinsville, Alabama, March-April 1864

March 1.-One section of battery ordered to Larkin's Landing in addition to the section already there, which place was threatened by the enemy, but returned to Larkinsville, Alabama on March 4 without having-been inaction. Distance of ten miles 

April 21.-Turned over two 10-pounder Parrots and surplus ordnance stores to depot at Huntsville, Alabama, in obedience to orders of Brigadier-General [Morgan Lewis] Smith, in compliance with orders from Headquarters, Department of the Tennessee. One section of battery has been at Larkin's Landing, Tennessee River and the remainder of battery at the station (expedition above referred to excepted since February 29, 1864) 

        Stationed at Kennesaw Mountain, Georgia, May-June 1864

May 1.- Right section marched from Larkinsville, Alabama with Second Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, via Chattanooga to join Major-General Sherman before Dalton, Georgia 

May 9.- Moved with Army of the Tennessee Major-General [James Birdseye] McPherson commanding, to Snake Creek Gap route to Resaca, Georgia, where we arrived on May 9 

May 10.- Left section, Lieutenant [William W.] Lowrie com­manding, from Larkin's Landing, Tennessee, joined us in Sugar Valley on May 10

May 13.- General advance. Enemy driven into his works at Resaca and battery took position commanding town

May 14.- Heavy firing all day with fine execution. At 5 p.m. the Second Division, Tenth Army Corps, Brigadier-General M. L. Smith, charged the enemy in works on range of hills immediately before town under cover of heavy artillery fire, and drove them in much confusion back to their main line, where they reformed and with reinforcements charged our line in turn, but were repulsed with much loss 

May 15.- On May 15 enemy evacuated Resaca when we resumed our march via Calhoun Ferry to Kingston; thence via Van Wert 

May 26.- Arrived on May 26, finding [William Joseph] Hardee's Corps in strong position on Marietta Road 

May 28.- Skirmished until May 28, when they charged our whole line, but were driven back in disorder with heavy loss, as they advanced to a concentrated attack on [Peter Joseph] Osterhaus line. On our line our battery was enabled to give them an enfilading fire with shot and canister with great effect 

June 1.-Marched to New Hope Church to relieve General [Joseph] Hooker

June 5.-To Acworth, Georgia 

June 10.-To Kennesaw Mountain. Enemy in force, entrenched. Have been at a better places during remainder of month. Distance marched 235 miles

             Stationed at Springfield Illinois July 23, 1864 

 July 23.- Muster-out roll of Captain Israel P. Rumsey's Company B, in the First Light Artillery Regiment of Illinois Volunteers, commanded by Colonel Ezra Taylor  and the late Colonel Webster, called into the service of the United States by the President, thereof, at Cairo, Illinois (the place of general rendezvous) on July 16,1861, to serve for the term of three years from the date of enrollment, unless sooner discharged, from service July 16, 1861 (when mustered in) ,to July 23, 1864, when mustered out. The company was organized by Captain Ezra Taylor at Cairo Illinois in the month of June 1861, and marched thence to Bird's Point, Missouri, where it arrived June 16, 1861, a distance of three miles I certify, on honor, that I have at Springfield, Illinois on July 23, 1864 carefully examined this roll, and, as far as practicable, caused the allowances, stoppages, and remarks to be justly and properly stated, and mustered the company for discharge, and it is hereby honorably discharged from the service of the United States by reason of expiration of term of service


                                                                         T. G. PITCHER, 

                                                                                          Captain, Eighth Infantry, Mustering Officer